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Child Abuse: Identification & Intervention Tools for the Clinician


This resource page is part of an online course
Child Abuse In Psychotherapy, Counseling & Nursing: Assessment & Reporting

CE Credit Hours for Psychologists. CE Credit Hours (CEUs) for LMFTs, Social Workers, Counselors and Nurses.
CE Approvals by BBS-CA, ASWB, NBCC, NAADAC, CA-BRN & more.
Zur Institute is approved by the American Psychological Association to sponsor continuing education for psychologists. Zur Institute maintains responsibility for this program and its content.



For Patients & the General Public

A comprehensive Bibliography and Reference list for use by the general public

Yes, I Can

Children's Bureau of Southern California: 323-953-7356

Agencies which are available to assist, should you have concerns of child abuse or child maltreatment


Family Service Agencies:
Children's Institute International: 323-385-5100 / 310-783-4677

Laura's House (San Clemente, CA): 949-361-3775

Sarah Center (Long Beach CA): 310-427-7671

Self-help Groups:
Parents Anonymous: 213-388-6685/800-352-0386 (self-help group for parents who have been or are potentially abusive)

Parents United: 408-453-7616
(Self-help groups for incested or sexually-abusive families with groups for the offender, children and non-offending parent)

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For Clinicians

American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children (APSAC)

Free online Mandated Reporter Training in California

State by state listing of hotlines to report child abuse

More information on preventing child abuse and strengthening communities

More information on working with Native American families and communities in child abuse and neglect issues

Child Abuse Reporting Telephone Numbers:
      Los Angeles County (Child Abuse Hotline): 800-540-4000
      Orange County, CA (Child Abuse Registry) 714-938-0505
      ChildHelp USA 800-4ACHILD

Associations & Resources for Clinicians:
CA Consortium for the Prevention of Child Abuse: 916-648-8010

Child Sexual Abuse Network: 714-564-0805

InterAgency Council on Child Abuse and Neglect (ICAN): 818-575-4362

Orange County Child Abuse Prevention Center: 714-KID-4333

Comprehensive Child Sexual Abuse Assessment and Treatment Centers:
Child Abuse Service Team (CAST) (Orange, CA): 714-935-6390

Stuart House (Santa Monica, CA): 310-319-4248

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Mandatory Reporting Laws

California's AB1775 (2014)
California’s 2014 highly controversial law, AB1775, requires psychotherapists, counselors and other mental health professionals to report if a patient has knowingly downloaded, streamed, or even simply accessed (that is, viewed) an electronic or digital image in which anyone under 18 "is engaged in an act of obscene sexual conduct." That’s any image that lacks "scientific, literary, artistic, or political" value. Learn more about CA AB1775

Critique and Important Concerns about AB1775

Extensive resources by NATIONAL CENTER FOR PROSECUTION OF CHILD ABUSE on Child Abuse, Child Neglect, User of Anatomical Dolls, Child Witness, Children in Cars and much more



See above for 2014 CA controversial law, AB1775, regarding mandate reporting of clients who view child porn.

According to the CPA Notices in September, 2011:
Mandated Child Abuse Reports are only required if the victim of abuse is still a minor:
If an adult reports to a psychologist that they were abused as a child, no child abuse report is mandated. The California Attorney General's office has stated that, "The express language of the reporting law strongly suggests that the Legislature contemplated that a report is required only if the victim of the abuse is still a child."


Additional References

  • Baker, Charlene K.; Naai, Rachel; Mitchell, Jennifer; Trecker, Christine (2014) Utilizing a train-the-trainer model for sexual violence prevention: Findings from a pilot study with high school students of Asian and Pacific Islander descent in Hawai‘i, Asian American Journal of Psychology, 5 (2), 106-115.
  • Ensink, Karin; Berthelot, Nicolas; Biberdzic, Marko; Normandin, Lina (2016). The mirror paradigm: Assessing the embodied self in the context of abuse, Psychoanalytic Psychology, 33(3), 389-405
  • Godbout, Natacha; Daspe, Marie-Ève; Lussier, Yvan; Sabourin, Stéphane; Dutton, Don; Hébert, Martine (2017). Early Exposure to Violence, Relationship Violence, and Relationship Satisfaction in Adolescents and Emerging Adults: The Role of Romantic Attachment, Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 9 (2), 127-137.
  • Lang, Jason M.; Connell, Christian M. (2017). Development and validation of a brief trauma screening measure for children: The Child Trauma Screen, Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 9(3), 390-398.
  • Marshall, Nastassja A. (2012). A clinician's guide to recognizing and reporting parental psychological maltreatment of children, Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 43(2), 73-79.
  • Mattos, Laurel A.; Schmidt, Adam T.; Henderson, Craig E.; Hogue, Aaron (2017). Therapeutic alliance and treatment outcome in the outpatient treatment of urban adolescents: the role of callous-emotional traits, Psychotherapy, 54(2), 136-147.
  • Midgley, Nick, Ensing, Karin, Lindqvist, Karin, Malberg, Norka, and Muller, Nicole (2017). Mentalization-Based Treatment for Children: A Time-Limited Approach. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association
  • Osofsky, Joy, Stepka, Phillip, and King, Lucy (2017). Treating Infants and Young Children Impacted by Trauma:Interventions That Promote Healthy Development. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  • Pozzulo, Joanna (2016). The Young Eyewitness: How Well Do Children and Adolescents Describe and Identify Perpetrators? Washington, DC: American Psychological Association
  • Pynoos, Robert S; Fairbank, John A.; Steinberg, Alan M.; Amaya-Jackson, Lisa; Gerrity, Ellen; Mount, Mary L.; Maze, Jenifer (2008). The National Child Traumatic Stress Network: collaborating to improve the standard of care, Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 39(4), 389-395.
  • Ruiz, Elizabeth (2016). Trauma symptoms in a diverse population of sexually abused children, Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 8(6), 680-687.
  • Ryan, Katherine; Lane, Shelly J.; Powers, Denise (2017). A multidisciplinary model for treating complex trauma in early childhood, International Journal of Play Therapy, 26(2), 111-123.
  • Shevlin, Mark; Murphy, Siobhan; Elklit, Ask; Murphy, Jamie; Hyland, Philip (2017). Typologies of child sexual abuse: an analysis of multiple abuse acts among a large sample of danish treatment-seeking survivors of childhood sexual abuse, Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, Apr 03, 2017, No Pagination Specified.
  • Shirk, Stephen R.; DePrince, Anne P.; Crisostomo, Patrice S.; Labus, Jennifer (2014). Cognitive behavioral therapy for depressed adolescents exposed to interpersonal trauma: An initial effectiveness trial, Psychotherapy, 5 (1) 167-179
  • Skowron, Elizabeth A.; Kozlowski, JoEllen M.; Pincus, Aaron L. (2010). Differentiation, self–other representations, and rupture–repair processes: Predicting child maltreatment risk, Journal of Counseling Psychology, 57(3), 304-316.
  • Vicario, Mary; Tucker, Catherine; Smith Adcock, Sondra; Hudgins-Mitchell, Carol (2013). Relational-cultural play therapy: Reestablishing healthy connections with children exposed to trauma in relationships. International Journal of Play Therapy, 22(2), 103-117.
  • Wang, Yu-Wei; Heppner, P. Paul (2011). A qualitative study of childhood sexual abuse survivors in Taiwan: Toward a transactional and ecological model of coping, Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58 (3), 393-409.

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