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Bartering in Psychotherapy & Counseling


This resource page is part of an Online Course
Bartering in Psychotherapy and Counseling

CE Credit Hours for Psychologists. CE Credit Hours (CEUs) for LMFTs, Social Workers, Counselors and Nurses.
CE Approvals by BBS-CA, ASWB, NBCC, NAADAC, CA-BRN & more.
Zur Institute is approved by the American Psychological Association to sponsor continuing education for psychologists. Zur Institute maintains responsibility for this program and its content.

Codes of Ethics on Bartering in Psychotherapy and Counseling


Bartering in Psychotherapy and Counseling


Bartering & Trading - In General

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Additional References

  • Barnett, J. E. (2008). The ethical practice of psychotherapy: Easily within our reach. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 64(5), 569-575.
  • Croxton, T. A., Jayaratne, S., & Mattison, D. (2002). Social work practice behaviors and beliefs: Rural-urban differences? Advances in Social Work, 3(2), 117-132.
  • Hendricks, C. G. (1979). Using a barter system in psychotherapy. Psychotherapy: Research and Practice, 16, 116-117.
  • Hill, M. (2000). Barter. Women & Therapy, 22(3), 81-91.
  • Keith-Spiegel, P. (2014). Broken: Bartering gone bad. In Red flags in psychotherapy: Stories of ethics complaints and resolutions (pp. 132-148). New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Lane, Joel A., (2012). The Ethical Implications of Bartering for Mental Health Services: Examining Interdisciplinary Ethical Standards.
  • Lane, Joel A., (2002). The ethical implications of bartering for mental health services: Examining interdisciplinary ethical standards. Portland State University, OR. Retrieved from
  • Pope, K. S., Spiegel, P. (2008). A practical approach to boundaries in psychotherapy: Making decisions, bypassing blunders, and mending fences. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 64(5), 638-652.
  • Thomas, J. L. (2002). Bartering. In Lazarus, A. A. and Zur, O. (Eds.), Dual relationships and psychotherapy (pp. 394-408). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Co.
  • Woody, R. H. (1998). Bartering for psychological services. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 29 (2), 174-178.
  • Welfel, E. R. (2016). The ethics of barter. Ethics in Counseling & Psychotherapy; Standards, research, and emerging issues (6th ed.) (pp. 235-237). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
  • Zur, O. (2017). Professional Organizations' Codes of Ethics On Bartering in Psychotherapy, Counseling and Mental Health Services. Retrieved from
  • Zur, O. (2016). Bartering in Psychotherapy & Counseling: Complexities, Case Studies and Guidelines. Retrieved from
  • Zur, 0. (2008). Bartering in Psychotherapy & Counseling: Complexities, Case Studies and Guidelines. New Therapist, 58, 18-26. From
  • Zur, O. (2004). A chicken for a session: Bartering in therapy. Voices, 40 /1, 75-80.

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